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            The Translation of Semi-Adverbial

            發布時間: 2021-10-19 10:01:00   作者:etogether.net   來源: 網絡   瀏覽次數:
            摘要: The following attributive clauses are named semj-adverbial by R. W. Zandvoort in his work entitled A Handbook of Engli...



            The following attributive clauses are named semj-adverbial by R. W. Zandvoort in his work entitled A Handbook of English Grammar. The term signifies that such clauses are attributive ones in form, but adverbial ones in function and sense. Yao Shanyou calls such clauses as "formally attributive clauses functioning as adverbial ones in sense" in his English Grammar.They may be translated into Chinese as adverbial clauses expressing cause, purpose, condition, etc.e.g.


            1. Premier Zhou who was busy all day long never knew what fatigue was.(who=though or although he)周總理雖然整天很忙,卻從不知疲倦。(concession)


            2. My uncle, who will be seventy tomorrow, is still a keen sports-man.(who=though or although he).

            我伯父雖然明天就滿亡十歲了,但仍愛好運動。(concession)


            3. Enroys were sent who should strengthen onr internutional position.(who should=so that they should)

            派了使節,以便加強我們的國際地位。(purpose)


            4. Anybody who should do that would be laughed at.(who=if he)

            無論是誰,只要做那種事情,都一定會受到嘲笑。(condition)


            5. For further particulars you had better apply to my brother, who has paid particular attention to the subject.(who=because he)

            關于細節,你最好詢問我弟弟,因為他對這個問題特別留意。(cause)


            All such attributive clauses can be placed after the words they modify in the Chinese version and connected to them by“雖然”,“以便”,“只要”or“因為”etc. Meanwhile, the subjects of the subordinate clauses may be omitted in translation as in examples 1, 2, 3, 4, if they refer to the same persons as those of the main ones; otherwise,they should be retained in the Chinese version as in example 5.


            Sometimes, the subordinating conjunction expressing cause may be omitted in the Chinese version,and the relation between cause and result can still be felt by the reader.e.g.


            6. Out teacher, who is getting old, will soon retite. (who=as he)

            我們的老師,越來越老,不久就要退休。(cause)


            7. The people's war in Russia, which inflicted heavy losses on Napoleon's army, insensed the conqueror , who had never met that kind of opposition anywhere in Europe.(which=because it; who=as he)

            俄國的人民戰爭,使拿破侖的軍隊受到重大的損失,激怒 了這位征服者,(因為)他在歐洲任何地方都從來沒有遭到過那樣的反抗。(cause)


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